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Research on Cyber Security Threat Landscape

in West Africa
Technology Against Crime – Africa with it’s partner TheCyberDiplomat LLC, has an ongoing active research group on cybersecurity treat landscape in context of West Africa. The ongoing research is on the social engineering tactic, detecting criminal online activities. Tracking the West African cybercriminal groups, online communities, products and services that work for their crimes, leading to the formation of a West African underground market.

Weak legislation is also a cause of cybercrimes. Most African economies are characterized by the permissiveness of regulatory regimes that provide a fertile ground for cybercrime activities. According to a November 2016 report of the African Union Commission (AUC) and Symantec, out of the 54 countries of Africa, 30 lacked specific legal provisions to fight cybercrime and deal with electronic evidence. Law enforcement officials in some states do not take significant actions against hackers attacking international websites. For instance, it was reported that government officials in Nigeria claimed that they were ignorant of cybercrimes originated from the country, and some labeled it as Western propaganda.

Also, cybercriminals benefit from inter-jurisdictional and intra-jurisdictional arbitrage. Following raids on cyber cafés in major cities in Nigeria, cybercriminals were reported to move to remote areas to carry out their operations. The porous national borders and a lack of states’ controls on their territories mean that cybercriminals can easily migrate from one jurisdiction to another with a weaker rule of law and enforcement. A Barrister of Nigeria’s Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) noted that when Nigeria strengthened its anti-cybercrime measures, cybercriminals were leaving the country and moving to other West African countries. Therefore a uniformity in the law and legal action is needed to strengthen the fight against cybercrime.
Currently, 11 countries in the continent had specific laws and provisions in place to deal with cybercrime and electronic evidence: Botswana, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mauritania, Mauritius, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. Additional 12 countries had taken at least some legislative measures. Draft cybercrime laws had been prepared in many other countries and bills had already been presented to national Parliaments in some of the countries.

There are also sector-specific regulations. For instance, banking and financial institutions are the most affected sector. In October 2018, the Bank of Ghana issued a Cyber Security Directive for Financial Institutions. The Directive requires the active involvement of senior executives and the board to strengthen cybersecurity. All banks in the country are expected to appoint a Cyber and Information Security Officer (CISO) who would advise senior management and the board on cybersecurity issues, and also formulate adequate measures to manage cyber and information security risks. The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) announced that it was developing a risk-based cybersecurity framework for banks and financial institutions. The idea in this framework is to identify the existing gaps and address them. In August 2018, the Central Bank of Kenya asked the country’s payment service providers to submit their cybersecurity policies to the government.

Projects & Innovations

Volunteer Management System – Tekkai

Volunteer Management System – Tekkai

Our Volunteer Initiative is called - ‘Tekkai’ which means “Iron Fist”. We are building a platform for individuals to join us to become ‘Tekkai’ to protect society and our fellow people by optimal tech usage and awareness. Projects & Innovations

Innovation in Policing

Innovation in Policing

Police brutality cases are rising in Africa, and citizens are outraged and feel abandoned. Police brutality has become a hot topic globally, with activists and organizations regularly staging demonstrations. In some African countries, the violence meted out by...

Drone Alliance – Africa

Drone Alliance – Africa

Drone Alliance Africa (DAA) is a coalition of leading technology companies representing the commercial drone industry before African political leaders, regulators, and other industry stakeholders, as well as international regulatory and advisory bodies. The commercial...

AfriAgriTech Project

AfriAgriTech Project

Nigeria is the most populous and largest economy in Africa. Agriculture is its economic base and source of livelihood for the majority of Nigerians, employing two-thirds of the labour-force with 88% smallholder farmers, 72% living below the poverty-line and 70–80% of...

CyberPeace Dialogue 2020

CyberPeace Dialogue 2020

Technology Against Crime - NGO was proudly a part of the Cyberpeace Dialogue 2020. These dialogues were a series of events conducted in 5 days. Covering all topics on Cybersecurity and Cyberdefence. African stakeholders were one of the major stakeholders in this...

Crawler to take down the underground cybercriminal communities

Crawler to take down the underground cybercriminal communities

Development of web crawlers that can automatically collect websites and virtual communities such as online forums. These crawlers would collect the seed URL, automatically parse through the hyperlink off the collected webpages. These crawlers will not only gather...

Policing the Cyberspace during COVID 19 – West Africa

Policing the Cyberspace during COVID 19 – West Africa

On May 2020, all over the world, the COVID-19 pandemic has been the headline. Technology Against Crime - Africa had collaborated with Cyberpeace Foundation, India to organise the virtual workshop and discussion. The context of the discussion was focused on the changes...